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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl911\margr5670\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn911\margrsxn5670\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li446\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 PERSECUTION : PUSYAMITRA'S SUCCESSORS      187}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi0\ri0\sb590\sa0\sl-230\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 i.e., all the eight sons of Pusyamitra will rule simultane\-\expndtw-9 ously.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li22\fi0\ri0\sb122\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex85\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Pusyamitra' s Persecutions \i0 ?}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi472\ri0\sb130\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 According to the \i Divyavadana, \i0 Pusyamitra was a \expndtw-1 persecutor of Buddhism and he is represented to have made the notorious declaration at Sakala setting a price \expndtw6 of one hundred gold \i dMras \i0 on the head of every \expndtw-4 Buddhist monk.\super 2\nosupersub  Taranatha also affirms that Pusyamitra was the ally of unbelievers and himself burnt monasteries \expndtw-3 and slew monks. Pusyamitra was no doubt a zealous \expndtw6 champion of Brahmanism, but the Buddhist \i Stfipas \i0\expndtw2 and railings erected at Bharhut (Nagod State) "during \expndtw-2 the sovereignty of the Sungas"\super 3\nosupersub  would hardly corrobo\-\expndtw-1 rate the literary evidence regarding his ebullitions of \expndtw0 sectarian rancour. Of course, this conclusion will have to be modified, if the above expression is not taken to \expndtw-1 refer to the time of Pusyamitra.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li14\fi0\ri0\sb126\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex85\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Pusyamitra? s Successors}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li22\fi472\ri22\sb130\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Pusyamitra passed away in about 148 B. C. after a \expndtw-2 reign of 36 years. He was succeeded by his son, Agni-\expndtw0 mitra, who as Viceroy at Vidis'a had ample experience \expndtw4 of the methods of government. He ruled for a brief \expndtw-3 period of eight years only, and was followed by Sujyes-\expndtw3 tha or Jethamitra (Jyesthamitra) of the coins, perhaps \expndtw4 his brother. After him came Agnimitra's son, Vasu-\expndtw7 mitra. In his earlier days he defeated the Yavanas, \expndtw1 who had tried to obstruct the progress of the sacrificial}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1440\margrsxn5695\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx122 \f1\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx-140\posnegy180\absw4295\absh-771\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw7 cf. also}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb14\sa0\tx122 \f1\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx-140\posnegy180\absw4295\absh-771\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw1 Divyavadana,  \i0 ed.  Cowell and Neil, pp. 433-34.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li259\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx-140\posnegy180\absw4295\absh-771\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 cf.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-209\slmult0 \f1\fs20\pvpara\phcol\posnegx-518\posnegy1091\absw1494\absh-385\dfrmtxtx40\dfrmtxty58 {\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 ganam raje \expndtw1 mitra is intended.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi119\ri0\sb673\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 cf. \i0 |ft *r SFPTfaTt STFT% 3W^ 3lHK3ltf cHWfa I \expndtw4 Cunningham, \i Stiipa of Bbarhut, \i0 plate XII, p. iz8. cf. "Su-\expndtw1 raje ---- " Although no name is given, it is probable Pusya-}\par }